Are there any other such receptacle replacement requirements?

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Question

I know the Code requires GFCI protection for replacement receptacles in existing dwellings where receptacles are replaced in areas that would require GFCI protection under today’s Code. Are there any other such replacement requirements for other things such as AFCI protection elsewhere in the Code? DP

Answer

The GFCI requirement for replacement receptacles is located at 406.4(D)(3) in the 2011 NEC. An example of this would be at a non-GFCI protected kitchen countertop receptacle or a bathroom receptacle being replaced. New for the 2011 NEC are replacement receptacle outlets requirements for such things as AFCI protection, tamper-resistant receptacles and weather-resistant receptacles. Section 406.4(D)(4) requires AFCI protection for replacement receptacle outlets supplied by branch circuits that require AFCI protection elsewhere in the Code. The language in this new AFCI requirement will allow AFCI protection to be provided to the replacement receptacle by either an AFCI circuit breaker or by an outlet branch-circuit type AFCI device located at the replaced outlet or upstream on the supplying branch circuit. Both the receptacle and circuit-breaker type AFCI will provide protection for all receptacles and other outlets that are downstream on the branch circuit. It should be noted that this new receptacle replacement AFCI requirement for the 2011 NEC has a future effective date of January 1, 2014 for enforcement of this new requirement.

Section 406.4(D)(5) now requires listed tamper-resistant receptacles to be provided where replacement receptacles are installed at receptacle outlets that are now required to be tamper-resistant receptacles under today’s Code requirements. An example of this would be replacing existing receptacle outlets in the den or bedroom of an older existing dwelling unit as 406.12 requires tamper-resistant receptacles in all areas specified in 210.52. Section 406.4(D)(6) now requires weather-resistant receptacles to be provided where replacement receptacles are installed at receptacle outlets that are now required to be weather-resistant receptacles under today’s Code requirements. A good example of this would be replacing existing receptacle outlets in a damp or wet location such as an outdoor receptacle outlet at a dwelling unit or a commercial building as 406.9(A) and (B) requires listed weather-resistant receptacles at receptacles located in damp and wet locations. — Keith Lofland, IAEI Director of Education

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L. Keith Lofland is the Director of Education, Codes and Standards for IAEI. He represents IAEI as a member of Code-Making Panel 9 for the National Electrical Code. He serves on NFPA’s Electrical Section Executive Committee and also is a member of UL’s Electrical Council. He is the principal contributor to several IAEI publications including Analysis of Changes, Soares Grounding and Bonding, and One- and Two-Family Dwelling Electrical Systems. Prior to his position with the International Office of IAEI, Keith spent 16 years with the City of Garland (Texas) serving as their chief electrical inspector during a 21-year career as an electrical inspector. Keith holds a master electrician license from the State of Texas. He also has obtained electrical inspector certifications from IAEI, NFPA/IAEI, and ICC. He served as chairman of the Texas Chapter of IAEI in 1989 and as the secretary/treasurer for the Texas Chapter-IAEI for 10 years from 1995–2004.