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2018 CE Code (Part 4)
This is the fourth of a series of five articles detailing significant changes approved by the Technical Committee for the 2018 Canadian Electrical Code Part I (CE Code). The final meeting for 2018 CE Code changes took place in June 2017. It should be noted that the 2018 CE Code was published by the CSA on January...
Analysis of changes 2020 NEC - Part II
Editor’s note: This is Part II of a two-part series. To read Part I, please refer to the March/April issue. 406.5(G)(2) Receptacle Orientation Under Sinks In the first part of this series, we looked at some of the more substantial changes being proposed for Chapters 1–3 of the 2020 National Electrical...
Local law 196: New York City’s landmark construction accident prevention law
Electricians in New York City are confronted daily with a specific set of hazards, namely exposure to live conductors and energized parts. According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), an estimated 350 electrical-related fatalities occur annually, averaging out to approximately one per day. As far back as 1976, a newly incepted OSHA...
Point in time:: National Electricl Safety Month
In 1994, the Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI) was founded as a cooperative effort by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA), Underwriters Laboratories (UL), and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). They had the wisdom to see the need to educate consumers on electrical safety to prevent accidents from occurring primarily in homes. In recent years,...
The NEC, standards, OSHA, NRTLs, and beyone
Codes, standards, equipment, and the organizations certifying that equipment meets a particular standard are continually changing. The harmonization of U.S. standards with international standards—while potentially reducing costs in the international arena—may complicate the application of these standards as they are adopted. The Code Section 90.7 of the National Electrical Code...
Zone-selective interlocking
Zone-selective interlocking (ZSI) has been in practical use since the mid-1980s. This technology was created to speed up the tripping time for some faults within a zone of protection without sacrificing selective coordination and interjecting nuisance tripping into the system. The advantage of quickly being able to open circuit breakers during a short circuit or ground fault...
Integrated fire protection and life safety system–What are they about?
Although a few articles have already been written on this subject, numerous questions have been raised by industry stakeholders, including: • What codes or standards mandate inte grated fire protection and life safety systems? • Of what does integrated fire protection ...
Analysis of changes NEC 2020
Editor’s note: With this being such an important and complex topic, we could not give you all the information in one setting. Look for Part II in the May/June issue. Few of us are comfortable with change. It is difficult to let go of the familiar. I actually overheard a lady setting behind me...
Energy everywhere
The systems help us to realize the true benefits of renewables and advanced grid technologies. They mitigate intermittencies and unlock the potential of solar and wind power by storing clean energy as it is created, so that it can be used when it is actually needed. They help to support optimal operation of an increasingly complex grid,...
2018 IAEI Board of Directors report
Top Row: Randy Hunter, Michal Hofkin, Mike Forister, Rick Hollander, Milford Badders, Marjorie Edwards, Tom Moore, Ken Masters, James Rogers, Tim Pope, James Hathorn, Dave Clements. Bottom Row: Jeffrey “Jeff” Fitzloff, Layne Western, Larry Chan, Shawn Paulsen, Steve Jones, Dave Williams, Greg Taylor, Daniel B. Langlois. The International Board of Directors gathered in November 2018 to attend the International...
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